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other trotting stud farms because of the achievements of its fosterlings.

Established by the good judge of horses VP Voeykov 170 years ago, the Lavrovo stud farm is one of big fishes of domestic trotters. Ii is the birthplace of the well-known grey Oryol trotter Lebed 5.44 (Atlasniy
- Pobeda), born in1829. He is on the pictures of the artist N.G. Sverchkov and on the tapestry made by bondmaids from village Lavrovo. These things are kept in the museum of horse-breeding of TAA.

Till the end of 80-th the farm in Lavrovo kept the path of cross-breeding.

During the civil war the facilities were ruined, the horses were plundered. They could save only one mare Margaritka 2.16,1 (Fatalist -
Binyonia), born in 1918, who later became a founder of dams family and was the great-grandmother of Pervenets 2.00,4. During the acquisition of the farm (1922-23) not only "Oryol-Americans" got there, but also the Oryol trotters.

Since 1930 all Oryol dams were excluded from Lavrovo stud farm.
Together with mares half-breeds, which were brought on farm instead of
Oryol mares, also came the studhorse Aloisha 2.14,2 (Aloisha - Kreolka) from the line of Peter The Great. There was started the line of Aloisha and the line of Trepet - together with Smolensk farm. In January 1935 from
Aloisha and mare Paguba (the grand daughter of Peter The Great) appeared the red stallion Podarok 2.02,1; 3.09,4; 4.17.4 - the pride of Lavrovo and the founder of one progressive line in Russian trotter breed.

The important part in the stud activity of the farm also played then the lines of Iris (through Khorovod, Khor Kalinych, Interes), Nalim
(through Lunatik and Otprysk), Aksvort (through Viktor Vorti, Vampir,
Vzriv). The main was the method of cultivation "in itself" of the horses of desirable type using cross-breeding and in-breeding. The crossing with lines of Aloisha and Gildeets had become one of the bases of Lavrovo complex creation.

The returned cross-breeding was also applied with Oryol stallions for the improvement of horses exterior. The Oryol lines in remote ancestors are traced in the best horses of the farm.

Through the Oryol trotter Bunt 2.14.3 (Metsenat - Budushnost) the lines of Podaga and blooded Boyar were enhanced. The daughters of Bunt could be met in family trees of Vasilyok, Pervenets, Lazutchik, Pavodok,
Vopl.

All-Union prize horse and founder of the line Podarok was selfed on Oryol trotters Zadornov and Petushok. His best get: the sons Pervenets
2.00,4, Pryatel 2.03,4, Lazutchik 2.05,6, Park 2.10,4, Vopl 2.09,2, Azot
2.06,3, Pereryv 2.07,6; 6.44,6, Lotus 2.09,9 and daughters Povilika 2.09,3
(the mother of Prologue 2.06), Aplikatsiya 2.14,7 (the mother of Atlas
2.07 , 6) and Atmosfera, Podarok gave with dams, who had the similar Oryol ancestors.

Only from Podarok the farm had more than 298 colts. 20 among them are of class 2.10 and even thriftier. The children of Podarok have won 17 international prizes: Priyatel, Pervenets and Lazutchik - 5 prizes each and
Park - 2 prizes. No other stallion from our stud farms had such a successful offspring.

The all-Union records of Podarok were broken only 13 years later by his son from Masandra the Derby racer Pervenets 2.00,4 ; 3.11,4 ;
4.11,2 ; 6.52,3 who was born in 1949. Podarok also gave from Argentina the all-Union prizewinner Pryatel, born in1954 and the winner Lazutchik (from
Lazur); born in1959.

On Lavrovo stud farm was brought up the all-Union prizewinner among two-year trotters Protalinka - 2.13,1 (Lucifer - Parallel), born in
1948. The prize of Protalinka is the standard for two-year trotters.

During the period before the war on Lavrovo stud farm was created the type of a trotter distinguished by the harnessry forms, pedigree, good top line, depth, strong dry limbs but which is a little craggy.

The hybridists of the farm were constantly selecting by the type and friskiness.

The big job of creating the famous trotters on Lavrovo farm was made by zootechnicians YN Sarantsev (1920-1934), A.K. Brinken (the author of selection, which gave Podarok), VN Zhardetskiy, K.V. Voskresenskiy,
R.I. Kalinin, who had been working here for 14 years and was one of the founders of line of Podarok. Also he was the author of the farm plan of line breeding in 1976-1975. On the racecourses the trotters of Lavrovo stud farm were driven to the victories by such jockeys as AV Zotov, A.A.
Sorokin, N.R. Semichev, M.G. Chudnenko, V.T. Novikov, A.P. Kreydin, V.Y.
Kochetkov.

To its 150-year jubilee the farm had 5 Derby trotters. These are
Pobeditel 2.11,7, Vecher 2.06,7, Arzamas 2.06,4, Pervenets 2.00,4, Albom
2.03,9. In 1965 by the number of 2.10 class trotters the Lavrovo stud farm was on the fourth in the country, and on the second place in class 2.05.
The first was the stud farm in Dubrovskiy.

However, the period of success was followed by the long period of decline. Mainly it could be explained by the fact, that the group of studhorses didn't have the appropriate stallions. Otprysk 2.09,3, Zheton
2.09,7, Zabiyaka 2.09 could not give a class horse in 60-es. And also the technology of breeding was inadequate. The horses were not supplied with high-grade forages as many natural pastures and the hayfields were ploughed up.

The new progressive stage of selection began in 1971 with the coming of standard breed stallion Low Hanover 1.59 (Bolshoy Star's Pride -
Lynd Deen). From this outstanding studhorse the farm gained 253 horses.
Among them are: Ligatura 2.04,2, Velonia 2.03,2 r, Lan 2.05 r, Ghilka 2.07,
Leeter 2.04,4 r, List 2.04,9 , Vlastnyi Zhest 2.05,5, Alt 2.06, Alzhir 2.07,
Valezhnik 3.12,2 and other class trotters. Such intensive use of the studhorse for the insemination of mares with the dilute semen deserves attention of the horse-breeding experts.

The work with Low Hanover allowed to half-complete the dams group of the farm with his daughters and grand daughters and improve the average frisky parameter of dams on 3,6.

After the use of Minion 2.11 (Napor - Mudraya Poslovitsa) and Low
Hanover in 60-es, the type of Lavrovo trotters was also changed. They became more blooded and dry, lost roughness of a head, became less massive but more vigorous and good-tempered.

The descendants of Low Hanover showed the high results in a 1983.
His great-grandson Gopak 2.04,2 (Parket - Glubokaya) had become the sixth derby trotter of the farm when he won a Grand all-Union prize. The Low
Hanover's great-grandson Lepetun 2.07,6 (Parket - Lesostep) won a Big three-year prize, and grandson Peak 2.03,8 (Kolchedan - Programma) became the winner of World international prizes (in Moscow) and Villam (in Hungary) and was the second in the Elite prize.

On January 1, 1984 195 trotters of 2.10 class and more frisky
(the third place on this parameter after the stud farms in Dubrovskoe and
Elyan) are brought up. 19 of them are of class 2.05 and friskier. The trotters from Lavrovo won 33 international prizes.

Conditions of creation and growing up of the hippodrome cracks in the

Lavrovo stud farm.

Brood work.

The hybridists from Lavrovo had to work much to transform the motley brood structure into a valuable heart of the breed of Russian trotters. Half a century ago the average dams 'measurements in Lavrovo were
154,8-154,7-173-19 and met the requirements only of the second class. Now there are 110 brood mares on the farm. Their measurements meet the standard of the breed and make 159,5-162,1-183,3-19,6 cm. Average friskiness of the main dams 2.15,2, of the horsing dams - 2.14,9. Almost all mares ranked as
Elite class. With due regard on the farm they look at the growing up of the
"self-repair": the age of more than 50% of brood horses included in selection is less than 10 years. The duly use of young dams with high friskiness and good measurements, allows to select

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