...

...
,

,

̲Ͳ ²

²

-

Ͳ

ò

,

,

/ . /

/ 6--4 /

/ ./

-

1999


1812. , .

| | | | | |
| | | | | |
| ̳ | , L | , B | , H | , q |
| | 188 | 126 | 4.8 | 0.1 |

F = 188126 = 10368 2
V = 103684.8 = 497663
ʳ n = F / F1
F1 = 18 2 n = 10386/18 = 576
ʳ n = n /
H = 4 .. m = 576/4 = 144

| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | |
| | | T | m, |
| | | |. |
| | | | | |
| | | | | | | |
| | t | | | | | |
| | | I | t | i | | |
| | | | | | | |
| | 24.8 | 51.5 |-26 |-25.3 |-2,2 | 219 |
| | | | | | | |


| | | | |
| | | | . |
| | | | . |
| | | | .. |
| | | | |
| | | | | |
| | | | . | | . | |
| | | t | . | t | . | |
| | . | | | | | |
| | | 22-24 | 65 | 22-23 | 65 | 10 |
| | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | |


,

Q = q0 V. (t-t), q0- , / (m3 x 0C)
V- 3 t, t

Q = 0.1x49766x (26 - (-22)) = 238876,8

, ,

Q = 1000 N1n nn,
N - , n-ʳ n- 㳿 0.8 n-. = 1
Q = 10002.25760.8x1 = 1013760

,

Q = 1000 N F b,
N- 0.05 / 2
F- , 3 b-. 0.4
Q = 1000x0.05x10368x0.4 = 207360

,

Q = q1 m, q1- 222 m-
Q = 222x144 = 31968

Q = (t-t) F ,
- 2.5 / (2 x C) t,- 5 t- -. , , 0.6
Q = 2.5x (24.8 + 5-23) x10368x0.6 = 105753,6

| | , | | | |
| . | | | | |
| | | | | |
| . | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| 1 | | Q | | | |
| | | | |-----| 238876,8 |
| 2 | | Q | | | |
| | | | | 1013760 | 1013760 |
| 3 | | Q | | | |
| | . | | | 207360 | 207360 |
| 4 | | Q | | | |
| | | | | 31968 | 31968 |
| 5 | - | Q | | | |
| | - | | | 105753,6 |-------|
| | . | | | | |
| | : | | | 1358841,6 | |
| | | Q | | 1014211,2 | |
| | | | | | |
| | | Q | | | |


id .

id .
' :
22-24 , -22-23, - 65%.

C .

˳

| | | |
| | ij | |
| | | dz |% | / | / |
| | | 24,8 | 55,2 | 51,5 | 42 |
| | | 23 | 65 | 52 | 45 |
| ϳ | | 17 | 95 | 46 | 45 |
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| () | | 18 | 90 | 47,5 | 45 |


| | | |
| | ij | |
| | | dz |% | / | / |
| | |-26 | 90 |-25,3 | 0,3 |
| | | 22 | 65 | 51,2 | 45 |
| ϳ | | 18 | 90 | 47,5 | 45 |
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | 19 | 85 | 48 | 45 |
| | | 21,5 | 66 | 47 | 39 |
| | | | | | |

1. .

1.1 , /
˳ G = 3.6 Q / (i - i)
G = 3.6x1358841,6 / (52-47,5) = 1087073,28

G = 3.6Q / (i - i)
G = 3.61014211,2 / (51,2-48) = 1140987,6
, Q Q- ; i, i- , /

1.2. , 3 /
˳ L = G / p
L = 1087073,28 / 1,2 = 905894,4

L = G / p
L = 1140987,6 / 1,2 = 950 823
p-' , / 3 = 1.2

1.3 ʳ , /
˳ G = 0,9 G; L = 0.9 L
G = 0,91087073,28 = 978366; L = 0.9905894,4 = 815305

G = 0,9 G; L = 0.9 L
G = 0,91140987,6 = 1026888,8; L = 0.9950823 = 855740,7

2. , 1 /

˳ n = L / V n = 905894,4 / 49766 = 18,2

n = L / V n = 950823/49766 = 19,1

3.ʳ , .

3.1.
˳ W = * G, /
W = 0,71087073,28 = 760951,3

W = * G, /
W = 0,71140987,6 = 798691,32
- = 0.7

3.2. .

: m- ; N- = 4151; m- = 220; N- = 5280; : n = 2534 n = 1620

г : W = (W * n + W * n) * 10-3 3 /

W = (760951,3 * 1620 + 798691,32 * 2534) * 10-3 = 3256625

4. .

4.1. ,
Qax = (i-) G * 10-3 * 0,278
Qax = (51,5-46) 1087073,28 * 10-3 * 0,278 = 1662,14

4.2. , /

Q = (i-) [0.5 (i-) * + 200] G * 10-6 * 0,278
Q = 5,5 * [0.5 * 5.5 * 135 + 200] 1087073,28 * 10-6 * 0.278 = 949.5 -, = 135
5. ̲.

5.1. .
Qmax = q * V * (t-t3) * 10-3
Qmax = 0,1 * 49766 (5 + 26) * 10-3 = 154,27 q- , / (3); t = 5;

5.2. .
Q = qo * V * (t-t.3) * 10-3,
Q = 0,1 * 49766 * (5 + 2,2) * 10-3 = 35,83

5.3. .
Q. = Q * N * 10-3, /
Q. = 35,83 * 5280 * 10-3 = 189,2

5.4. .

Q. = Q * (n + * n) * 10-3, /
Q. = 35,83 * (986 + 0,33 * 2534) * 10-3 = 65,3 n- = 3520-2534 = 986; -, = 0,33

6. Ͳ ֲ ².

6.1. .
N = (L * ) / 1000 * 3600 * h * h,
N = (905894,4 * 1000) / (1000 * 3600 * 0,7 * 0,92) = 390,74

N. = (L * .) / 1000 * 3600 * h * h,
N. = (815305 * 500) / (1000 * 3600 * 0,7 * 0,92) = 175,8

6.2. .
˳ N = (W * ) / 1000 * 3600 * h,
N = (760951,3 * 230) / 1000 * 3600 * 0,5 = 97,23

N = (W * ) / 1000 * 3600 * h,
N = (798691,32 * 230) / 1000 * 3600 * 0,5 = 102

6.3. .

_
N = Qmax * N,
N = 1662,14 * 0,25 = 415,5


˳ N = N + N + N + N
N = 390,74 + 175,8 + 97,23 + 415,5 = 1079,27

N = N + N + N
N = 390,74 + 175,8 + 102 = 668,54

7. ò ֲ ².

7.1. 㳿
N = N * N * 10-3, /
N = 390,74 * 4154 * 10-3 = 1623,13

N = N * N * 10-3, /
N = 175,8 * 4154 * 10-3 = 730,3

7.2. 㳿 .
N = (N * n + N * n) 10-3, /
N = (97,23 * 1620 + 102 * 2534) 10-3 = 416

7.3. 㳿 .

_
N = Q * N, /
N = 949.5 * 0,25 = 237,4

㳿

N = N ++ N + N + N, /
N = 1623,13 + 730,3 + 416 + 237,4 = 3006,8

8. ̲Ͳ ֲ ²
.

8.1. .

8.1.1. .
= * L * 10-3,
= 400 * 905894,4 * 10-3 = 362357,76

8.1.2. .
= * Qmax,
= 75 * 1662,14 = 124680,75

8.1.3. .
= * Qmax,
= 13 * 154 = 2002

= + + ,
= 362357,76 + 124680,75 + 2002 = 489040,51

8.2. .

8.2.1. .
= * L * 10-3, /
= 150 * 905894,4 * 10-3 = 135884,16

8.2.2. .
= * Q, /
= 20 * 949.5 = 18990

8.2.3. .
= * Q, /
= 6,8 * 189,2 = 1286,6


= 1,25 ( + + ), /
= 1,25 (135884,16 + 18990 + 1286,6) = 156160,72

-

| | | | . | | |
| / | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| 1 | ' | V | 3 | 49766 | |
| 2 | | | | | |
| | | N | | | |
| | | | | | |
| 3 | | | | | |
| | - | L. | 3 / | 905894.4 | |
| |

...
ur.co.ua